ENVIS Centre, Ministry of Environment & Forest, Govt. of India

Printed Date: Tuesday, August 4, 2020

Gulf of Kachchh

 

Gulf of Kachchh

 

gulf of kachchh coral photos க்கான பட முடிவு

 

Gulf of Kachchh
 
Name of the area
:
Gulf of Kachchh
Place :
:
Jamnagar
State :
:
Gujarath
Latitude :
:
22°15’ - 230 40’N
Longitude :
:
68°20’ – 70°40’E
     
Key Physical Characters
     
Total area
 
7,350sq.km
Water temperature
 
1 to 480c
Tide amplitude in metre
 
3.06 to 5.89m Average of 4m (Highest 12m)
Depth
:
Max 60m
     
     
Chemical Characters
Surface pH :
:
7.1 to 8.6
Salinity :
:
36 to 42ppt
Dissolved Oxygen :
:
4.5 to 6.8
     
Major Flora and Fauna
Flora
 
120sp of algal diversity, 7 species of seagrass
     
Fauna
 
70sp. of sponges
   
69 sp. of crustaceans
   
350 sp of mollusca
   
33 sp of Echinoderms
   
402 + sp of fishes
   
3 sp. of turtules
   
6 sp of marine mammals
     
Archeologically/Ecologically Important Places
   
Islands
 
42
 
   
Environmental status
   
Associated ecosystem
 
salt pans, intertidal zones, marine algae (seaweeds), sea grass and
   
sand dunes, mangroves, coral reefs, creeks, rocky beaches, scrub
   
forest.and open ocean.
     
Major threats
 
Dredging, filling, mining and weapon testing
     
Protection Status
   
   
Gulf of Kachchh Marine Natioanl Park (Jamangar) Gujarat – Declared in
   
1982 – Area 457.92 Sq.km – Ecosystem: Mangroves, coral reefs,
   
mudflats, creeks, beaches and scrub forest.
     
   
Malvan Marine Sanctuary (Sindhudurg) Maharashtra – Declared in
   
1987 – Area 29.12 sq.km – Ecosystem: Inter tidal area, marine water,
   
coral patches and sandy beach.

Coral species

 
Sl. No
 
Family
 
Species name
 
IUCN status
 
Family : ACROPORIDAE
 
 
1
 
Acropora humilis
Near Threatened 
2
 
Acropora squarrosa
Least Concern 
3
 
Montipora explanata
 
4
 
Montipora foliosa
Near Threatened 
5
 
Montipora hispida
Least Concern 
6
 
Montipora monasteriata
Least Concern 
7
 
Montipora turgescens
Least Concern 
8
 
Montipora venosa
Near Threatened 
9
 
Montipora sp.
Least Concern 
 
Family : CARYOPHYLLIIDAE
 
 
10
 
Paracyathus stokesi
Not evaluated
11
 
Polycyathus verrilli
Not evaluated
 
Family: DENDROPHYLLIDAE
 
 
12
 
Dendrophyllia minuscule
 
Not Evaluated 
13
 
Tubastrea aurea
Not Evaluated 
14
 
Turbinaria crater
Not Evaluated 
15
 
Turbinaria peltata
Vulnerable 
 
Family : Faviidae
 
 
16
 
Cyphastrea serailia
Least Concern 
17
 
Favia favus
Least Concern 
18
 
Favia speciosa
Least Concern 
19
 
Favites bestae
Near Threatened 
20
 
Favites complanata
Near Threatened 
21
 
Goniastrea pectinata
Least Concern 
22
 
Platygyra sinensis
Least Concern 
23
 
Leptastrea purpurea
Least Concern 
 
Family : Merulinidae
 
 
24
 
Hydnophora exesa
Near Threatened 
 
Family: Mussidae
 
 
25
 
Acanthastrea simplex
Not evaluated
26
 
Symphyllia radians
Least Concern 
 
Family : PECTINIIDAE
 
 
 
27
 
Mycedium elephantotus
Least Concern 
 
Family : PORITIDAE
 
 
28
 
Goniopora minor
Near Threatened 
29
 
Goniopora minor
Near Threatened 
30
 
Goniopora nigra
Vulnerable 
31
 
Goniopora planulata
Vulnerable     
32
 
Porites compressa
Least Concern
33
 
Porites lichen
Least Concern 
34
 
Porites lutea
Least Concern 
 
Family :SIDERASTERIDAE
 
 
35
 
Coscinaraea monile
Least Concern
36
 
Psammocora digitata
Near Threatened 
37
 
Pseudosiderastrea tayami
Near Threatened 
38
 
Siderastrea savignyana
Least Concern